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Definitions A bibliography is a list of sources books, journals, Web sites, periodicals, etc. Bibliographies are sometimes called "References" or "Works Cited" depending on the style format you are using.
A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information i. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following. Some annotations merely summarize the source. What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article?
What topics are covered? The length of your annotations will determine how detailed your summary is. For more help, see our handout on paraphrasing sources. After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it.
Is it a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source? For more help, see our handouts on evaluating resources. Once you've summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research.
Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic?
Your annotated bibliography may include some of these, all of these, or even others.
If you're doing this for a class, you should get specific guidelines from your instructor. Why should I write an annotated bibliography? To learn about your topic: Writing an annotated bibliography is excellent preparation for a research project. Just collecting sources for a bibliography is useful, but when you have to write annotations for each source, you're forced to read each source more carefully.
You begin to read more critically instead of just collecting information. At the professional level, annotated bibliographies allow you to see what has been done in the literature and where your own research or scholarship can fit.
To help you formulate a thesis: Every good research paper is an argument. The purpose of research is to state and support a thesis. So, a very important part of research is developing a thesis that is debatable, interesting, and current.
Writing an annotated bibliography can help you gain a good perspective on what is being said about your topic. By reading and responding to a variety of sources on a topic, you'll start to see what the issues are, what people are arguing about, and you'll then be able to develop your own point of view.This guide includes tips on writing common course assignments.
Assignments vary, and different instructors want different things from student writers. Therefore, the advice here may or may not apply to your writing situation.
Finally, handouts can give only a fraction of the customized guidance that an individual conference with a Writing Center instructor can provide. The University Writing Commons.
The University Writing Commons works with you at any stage of the writing process and we offer two formats for NAU students.
Mountain campus students have hours at three locations on the Flagstaff campus. All sessions are face-to-face. We also have online hours for our statewide and online-only students. Tips on writing assignments: Listed below are a few tips to writing your assignments. You may already be familiar with most of these points but it will be good to remind yourself of these points before you write up your assignment for credit.
Establishing the purpose of an assignment through an an explicit statement about how the assignment fulfills goals of the course or fits into a larger sequence of assignments, is key part of well-constructed writing assignment.
Tips on writing assignments: A great tutorial about citing the work of others and referencing is from the University of Nottingham.