Symbolic Interactionism and Homosexuality Introduction Social interactionism has remained a significant concept in understanding the social behavior, to understand how the symbolic interactionism explain any rule violated is analyzed by focusing on homosexuality his paper gives an account of various authors and theorists in explaining the view point of symbolic interactionism in terms of the definition of homosexuality and the relationship of symbolic interactionism with it. Homosexuality Etymologically, homosexual means "equal" from the Latin homo and "Sex" Latin sexus. Finding a precise definition of the concept is much more complex.
This review primarily focuses on US sociological writing, including ethnomethodology, labeling, feminist, and symbolic interactionist frameworks, while incorporating critical theory, queer theory, and other interdisciplinary influences. The article explores various movements in the recent history of this scholarship: In the summer ofContexts, the oh-so-glossy and popular magazine from the American Sociological Association, portrayed in their cover a fabulous, if you ask me picture of drag queens and a featured article Taylor and Rupp from the study Taylor and Rupp published in Drag Queens at the Cabaret.
And the same season saw the publication of The Transgender Studies Reader, edited by Stryker and Whittlea compilation of reprints and recent publications on transgender experience, identity, medicalization, and mobilization. After Stanton announced the beginning of hormone therapy in preparation for sex reassignment surgery, city officials fired Stanton.
A campaign from the National Sexuality Resource Center demanded that the commissioners retract from such decision, but little seems to point to a reinstitution of Stanton to the employment position held for almost 15 years.
It is quite a mixed bag of events that, in one way or another, bring forth the topic of transgender studies. When thinking of transsexuality or transgender people in popular media, several people come to mind. For us older people, there are names such as Christine Jorgensen, Renee Richards, Silvia Rivera, and perhaps Divine that represent a moment in history when transsexuality, transgender identity, and cross-dressing were visible in US society.
By looking at the definitions and relationship of terms e. I close the article with recent trends and future steps of sociological inquiry in the area of transgender issues. Understanding the meanings of and differences between the terms What, exactly, does it mean to refer to someone or oneself as transgender, or transsexual, or even trans?
This is a term particularly associated to people transitioning from male-to-female, although female-to-male trans people have used it too.
For many trans people, the term transsexual has negative connotations Stone ; Stryker; Wilchins Variations on the term trans- gender transgenderal, transgenderist are said to have been used by Prince in the s see, for example, but transgender does not achieve this very all encompassing sense until the s Valentine Cross- dressing and performing as female impersonators drag queens or male ones drag kings are examples of experiences that were once linked to transsexuality and are now related to transgender experience, expression, or identity, as the term transgender gains more currency.
The transgender term, and its relationship to transsexuality, has been mediated in the past by the use of surgical procedures.
Thus, there are overlaps between these categories, even if they have different historical origins. And as illustrated before and in the rest of the articletranssexuality is pathologized in the twentieth century; however, it is at present time being reconsidered as a less stigmatized term to refer to current transitioning experiences and narratives.
How psychiatry, medicine, feminist writers, and transsexuals defined a field Significant contributions have been made public in areas such as the history of transsexuality Meyerowitzsocial medicine Hausmananthropology Valentinethe law Bowerand political science Currah et al.
The history of psychiatric, medical, and feminist writing was fruitful in the mid-twentieth century, and transsexual people intercepted this knowledge-in-the-making.
This section will illustrate i a brief history of the social scientific knowledge production of transsexuality, ii the involvement of transsexual people in this endeavor, and iii some of the writings by transsexuals themselves.
These were also battles to demand sex change acquisi- tion and legal acceptance on the part of transsexuals themselves Irvine ; Meyerowitz Sexological research, which focused on medical explanations assuming causal relations on issues like transsexuality, was significant in the advancement of transsexual categorizing as deviant see Irvine Why did this case achieve the visibility it did, in relation to other nongender conformists?
Christine Jorgensen, as some may have argued, was the perfect poster transsexual — a very gender conforming military man who wished to become a woman as I have commented elsewhere, there were cultural elements of eligibility: Subsequently, collapsing these differences would be the source of rejection for treatment.
Some feminists place a greater responsibility on transsexual people to disrupt dual gender systems, a responsibility I have argued elsewhere does not account for the respons- ibility all people have in the project of undoing gender Vidal-Ortiz Not surprisingly, this new reading of the transgender as liberating from gender often comes from the ranks of either academics, scholars, middle class students, or often nontranssexual transgenders.
A lot of autobiographical writing by transsexual people helped to develop a transsexual narrative. Instead of interpreting this as a manipulation of the institutions that offer surgical reconstructive services, this shows an activation of networks of people who shared information with each other for attaining their wishes see Meyerowitzfor historical illustrations and details on these group responses.According to the symbolic interactionist perspective, we "do gender": a.
all of the time, in everything we do b. only if we are actively following gender roles. The symbolic interaction perspective, also called symbolic interactionism, is a major framework of sociological theory. This perspective relies on the symbolic meaning that people develop and rely upon in the process of social interaction.
Although symbolic interactionism traces its origins to Max. Sociology Compass 2/2 (): –, /jx Transgender and Transsexual Studies: Sociology’s Influence and Future Steps Salvador Vidal-Ortiz* American University Abstract This article provides a general sense of transgender studies in sociology.
From an interactionist perspective, we have to look on the micro level of things. Several different views we could possibly look at are the symbols attached to and shown to transgender persons and how they have received or perceived them, the events that may have led them into their present roles and the relationships that continue to impact them on a daily basis.
According to Symbolic Interactionism, socialization is composed of 5 concepts. Many people believe children aren't adequately socialized if they are home schooled. 92% of superintendents believe that home learners are "emotionally unstable, deprived of proper social development and too judgmental of.
Chapter Gender, Sex, and Sexuality (Transgender Law and Policy Institute ). From a symbolic interactionist perspective, “passing” as a “normal” heterosexual depends on one’s sexual cues and props being received and .