The Second Crusade It had long been apparent that Edessa was vulnerablebut its loss came as a shock to Eastern and Western Christians.
He strengthened the authority of the royal court, went on the Second Crusade, and repelled the aggressions of Henry II of England. Louis VII was a devout king with a passion for justice, but for many years one lacking in political good sense.
By maintaining order in the royal domain and assuring justice, his court received on appeal many cases and earned respect for the Crown. Thanks to his trusted adviser, Suger, Abbot of St-Denis, the administration of the kingdom became more efficient and stronger and won increasing loyalty.
Much of Louis's trouble arose from his marriage in to Eleanor, the heiress of unruly Aquitaine, which she brought to the King as her dowry. To overcome the widespread lack of enthusiasm, Louis invited Bernard of Clairvaux to preach the crusade, and the eloquent Cistercian awakened fervor for the project.
Louis also won the support of the German Conrad III, who led a German army—the first time the French and Germans had undertaken an enterprise in common.
The Second Crusade failed before the walls of Damascus in During the crusade Queen Eleanor aroused the jealousy of Louis by her questionable conduct with her uncle, Raymond of Poitiers.
Pope Eugenius III tried to repair the broken marriage on their return from the East and forbade its dissolution. After Eleanor gave birth to a second child, another girl, and after the death in of Suger, who had managed to save the marriage as long as he was alive, in March a council of bishops declared the marriage annulled for reasons of kinship.
Louis thus found himself confronted by a shrewd and aggressive vassal who ruled western France from the English Channel to the Pyrenees. Experience and the events of made Louis wiser.
He limited his objectives to the possible, never risked serious losses in battle, and resorted to alliances and the support of the Church to strengthen his position against Henry II.
Thanks to the rebellions of Henry's sons, egged on by their mother, Eleanor, against their father, and the great difficulty Henry had in controlling his unruly vassals, Louis was able to survive this seemingly one-sided contest and to maintain his authority and orderly government in his kingdom.
Louis became partially paralyzed the year before he died and lived out his life as an invalid. Further Reading The best study of Louis is in French. In English, accounts of him are in Charles E. Monarchy and Nation, trans. An account of the Second Crusade is in Kenneth M.
See also Louis Halphen, "France:While those who participated in the Second Crusade had probably planned to do so before hearing of the loss of Edessa to Zangi, the urgency of the crusade was likely reinforced by the loss. Pope Eugenius III issued a crusading bull (Quantum praedecessors) to Louis VII of France.
A Cistercian abbot. The Second Crusade had a devastating effect in Europe and was the first real sign of the decay of the Crusaders States in the Middle East. After their defeat, Jerusalem was weakly protected, but this only resulted in the call for the Third Crusade.
The Second Crusade & King Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany The contagion of the holy enthusiasm seized not only barons, knights, and the common people, which classes alone participated in the First Crusade, but kings and emperors were now infected with the sacred frenzy.
The Second Crusade was announced by Pope Eugene III, and was the first of the crusades to be led by European kings, namely Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany, with help from a number of other important European nobles.
Nov 10, · Louis VII of France reaches the crusaders camp We know far more about the French than the German forces in the Second Crusade, because Otto of Freising, an eyewitness, wanted "to write not a tragedy but a joyous history" and left the sad task to others (), most notably, it turned out, Louis VII's chaplain.
The Second Crusade was announced by Pope Eugene III, and was the first of the crusades to be led by European kings, namely Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany, who had help from a number of other European nobles.