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Early history[ edit ] Ancient China was the first country in the world that implemented a nationwide standardized test, which was called the imperial examination. The main purpose of this examination was to select able candidates for specific governmental positions.
Civil service[ edit ] From the mid 19th century, universities began to institute written examinations to assess the aptitude of the pupils. This is an excerpt from the Tripos examination in Cambridge University. As the profession transitioned to the modern mass-education system, the style of examination became fixed, with the stress on standardized papers to be sat by large numbers of students.
Leading the way in this regard was the burgeoning Civil Service that began to move toward a meritocratic basis for selection in the mid 19th century in England. British civil service was influenced by the imperial examinations system and meritocratic system of China.
Influenced Evaluation portion of group project essay the ancient Chinese Imperial Examination, the Northcote—Trevelyan Report of made four principal recommendations: This was a tribute to its success in removing corruption, delivering public services even under the stress of two world warsand responding effectively to political change.
It also had a great international influence and was adapted by members of the Commonwealth. Education[ edit ] Students taking a scholarship examination inside a classroom in Written examinations had been unheard of before for European education.
In the US, the transition happened under the influence of the educational reformer Horace Mann. This shift decisively helped to move education into the modern era, by standardizing expanding curricula in the sciences and humanitiescreating a rationalized method for the evaluation of teachers and institutions and creating a basis for the streaming of students according to ability.
Tests were used to determine the mental aptitude of recruits to the military. Inthe first Advanced Placement AP test was administered to begin closing the gap between high schools and colleges. In contrast, high school students in other countries such as the United States may not be required to take a standardized test to graduate.
Depending on the policies of the test maker or country, administration of standardized tests may be done in a large hall, classroom, or testing center. A proctor or invigilator may also be present during the testing period to provide instructions, to answer questions, or to prevent cheating.
Grades or test scores from standardized test may also be used by universities to determine if a student applicant should be admitted into one of its academic or professional programs.
Standardized tests are sometimes used by certain countries to manage the quality of their educational institutions. For example, the No Child Left Behind Act in the United States requires individual states to develop assessments for students in certain grades. In practice, these assessments typically appear in the form of standardized tests.
Test scores of students in specific grades of an educational institution are then used to determine the status of that educational institution, i. Finally, standardized tests are sometimes used to compare proficiencies of students from different institutions or countries.
For example, a test taker who intends to become a lawyer is usually required by a governing body such as a governmental bar licensing agency to pass a bar exam. Immigration and naturalization[ edit ] Standardized tests are also used in certain countries to regulate immigration.Assessment of student mastery of content takes many forms.
This pages includes support materials for assessments that work with the Common Core State Standards and rubrics for many different assessment products. Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England. He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award.
Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers.
Group Project Outline Business Plan Essay. Group Projects The purpose of the group projects is to give students an opportunity to explore course topics in greater depth, conduct independent research, and apply their knowledge in a practical context.
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