Other psychologists call such moments spiritual, mystical, anomalous or out-of-the-ordinary. Such moments can be euphoric, but also terrifying. Over the past five centuries, Western culture has gradually marginalised and pathologised ecstasy. In most cultures, ecstasy is a connection to the spirit world.
As with many other enlightenment religions, Buddhism requires disciples to understand concepts that are not readily explainable: In this essay I shall discuss the no-self from a number of modern perspectives; however, as no-self is difficult to describe I shall focus on both the self and no-self.
Beginning with psychological aspects, and neurophysiological research on transcendental meditation, I shall discuss the impact of modern brain science on our understanding of the self and transcendence.
Next I will outline the relationship between quantum physics and non-locality, as this gives a western scientific explanation for no-self. Returning to the original source of Buddhism, I will briefly outline the discussion between Siddhartha and Vaccha regarding atman, then discuss the mind and no-self and their relationship to liberation.
Finally I will summarize a few issues that the western mindset may face approaching this topic. The Buddhist concept of "no-self" is an essential element on the path to spiritual freedom presented by the Buddha Gautama Siddhartha Sakyamuni.
It is claimed by many Buddhists that at the age of thirty-five Siddhatta achieved samyaksambodhi, a state of supreme enlightenment, while meditating under a tree. He had been born into excess and protected from life, and then chose to live as an aesthetic.
He found that the former stifled to spirit and the latter stifled the mind - the only answer was a middle path of moderation. Siddhatta then lived and taught his way for another forty-five years as a Buddha before dying, or attaining parinirvana, at the ripe age of eighty.
Yet it seems that when psychology meets religion the result is rarely a fair compromise. As an example, if faced with a person claiming to have no sense of self a psychologist may suspect some form of dissociative disorder.
An excellent modern example of spiritualism clashing with psychological diagnoses is that of the much-maligned Aleister Crowley; after years of searching for his own samyaksambodhi he entered into a period of silence and claimed enlightenment - the psychological description of Crowley is that of a paranoid schizophrenic who declined into catatonia.
I simply wonder where the line is that divides the religious experience from the psychopathological.
Neurophysiologists have shown interest in that state of no-self that Buddhist monks can reach while in prayer. It has been found, using a specialized brain imaging technique based on CT scanning, that the brain-state of Buddhist monks in deep meditation is radically different from that of the average waking person Newberg et al.
This is not to say that Buddhism is "the path" - similar brain patterns have also been found in Franciscan Nuns deep in prayer. Interesting work has also been done researching the effect of electromagnetic interference on brain function. Researchers found that certain frequencies could be found in many houses where reports of poltergeist activity or religious rapture occurred; when certain frequencies were projected onto laboratory subjects they reported feeling an "ominous presence" behind them despite being alone in a sealed room.
More intriguing was the result of projecting the rapture frequency onto the brain; many, but not all, subjects reported feeling non-local and described a state of pure bliss while the frequency was projected. This would indicate that it is possible to induce a sense of no-self in receptive people.You don’t need drugs or a church for an ecstatic experience that helps transcend the self and connect to Aeon email newsletters are issued war or religion.
Free Essay: This paper is an attempt to examine the seeming opposition of religion vs. self-interest with respect to the character of Robinson Crusoe.
I will. Self Expression Essay Words | 7 Pages. Self Expression The American social environment has revolutionized the ways in which people express their sexual identity. Years ago it was taboo for a young lady to talk about . Power, class, and the new campus religion.
What does it mean to say that these institutions are religious schools? First, that they possess a dogma, unwritten but understood by all: a set of “correct” opinions and beliefs, or at best, a narrow range within which disagreement is permitted.
The Cult of Othin: An Essay in the Ancient Religion of the North [H. M. Chadwick] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Originally published in , this concise book provides a series of essays on the Ancient Germanic cult of Woden. The text focuses on the characteristics and rites associated with the cult.
A world view or worldview is the fundamental cognitive orientation of an individual or society encompassing the whole of the individual's or society's knowledge and point of view.A world view can include natural philosophy; fundamental, existential, and normative postulates; or themes, values, emotions, and ethics.
The term is a calque of the German word Weltanschauung [ˈvɛltʔanˌʃaʊ.ʊŋ.