Over 2, species are currently on the ESA, and they are separated into "Threatened" and "Endangered" species. Endangered species are in danger of going extinct, while Threatened species are approaching Endangered status.
As a result, it is critical that efforts are made to incorporate natural resource protection at all levels of government in order to protect natural communities prior to species or their habitats becoming endangered or extinct. This concept of natural community planning should be Climate change and endagered species essay integral and required element of local government comprehensive plans.
As local units of government and state and federal agencies voluntarily work to protect habitats using their authorities in their areas of jurisdiction, there is reduced need for a regulatory approach. Equally important are reasonable incentives for private landowners to participate in land stewardship that would not only protect natural communities from further degradation but restore and enhance these communities as well.
Legislation such as state or federal Endangered Species Acts ESA plays an important role but only when the actions of federal, state, and local governments as well as the public have not adequately protected ecosystem functions.
An ESA should be viewed as a "safety net" that provides protection as a last resort.
Sincethe ESA has established a process to allow the "incidental take" of a listed animal species if a Habitat Conservation Plan HCP is prepared to reduce the adverse impacts. Sincethe number of HCPs approved or pending approval has skyrocketed primarily due to the implementation of the "No Surprises" policy of the U.
Under the "No Surprises" policy, the Services approve a HCP with a "no surprises" caveat which ensures the landowner that further restrictions will not be imposed for the duration of the plan — sometimes 50 or years — even if the government determines that the HCP has failed or was not based on scientific facts.
While the number of HCPs has increased dramatically, serious concerns have been raised as to whether this "no surprises" policy adequately protects listed species.
Most people agree that the ESA is in need of some reform, however, the type and degree of change that is needed is under debate. If greater attention was devoted to habitat protection, there would be less need for legislation such as the ESA.
Findings The preservation and enhancement of wildlife and its habitat cannot be distinguished from preservation of human habitat and so is a core function of government.
As a core function, habitat preservation should be reflected in the entire process of planning, and managing growth and development. Effective habitat conservation requires the participation of all levels of government. State and federal agencies should establish baseline data and protection criteria as well as provide technical assistance to local governments and landowners.
Ideally, species should not be allowed to become imperiled to the point of endangerment, but when this does occur, legal mechanisms such as the Endangered Species Act should be in place to provide the protection needed to prevent extinction.
Currently, most laws focus on individual species after they have become threatened or endangered. This is usually too late to stop the decline or even extinction of the species. While the existing ESA has as its purpose "to provide a means whereby the ecosystems upon which endangered species and threatened species depend may be conserved There is tremendous regional variability related to the implementation of the ESA which must be recognized.
This is based, in part, on the number of endangered species that are known to occur regionally, their life history requirements e. Also important are regional economic concerns, and variability in implementation of the ESA across the nation.
Although Habitat Conservation Plans are helpful in encouraging private—public partnerships, additional incentives are needed to involve private landowners in the protection of the larger amounts of land required for habitat protection.
The best science practices for Habitat Conservation Plans will require coordination between technical expert resource agencies and locally knowledgeable municipal governments for planning to satisfy not only stringent ESA requirements but also acceptable community standards which thereby affects HCP implementation.
A "No Surprises" rule was applied to Habitat Conservation Plans to provide landowners assurances that once approved, their Plan will not change for the life of the Plan.
While this eliminates arbitrary and capricious demands for Plan revisions, it also creates a static Plan that may easily fail.
General Policy This Policy Guide will address endangered species and habitat protection from a planning perspective rather than attempt to cover all aspects of endangered species and the Endangered Species Act.
The Endangered Species Act is included in the discussion as it relates to planners and local units of government although not all aspects were intended to be addressed, e. It is believed that these issues are better dealt with by the federal agencies responsible for implementing the ESA.
APA National and Chapters support legislation and policies that are designed to plan for the preservation of wildlife habitat in order to minimize the possibility of plant and animal species becoming endangered or extinct. Using guidelines developed by the states, valuable wildlife habitat resources should be identified at the local and regional levels at the earliest stages of planning.
This information should then be incorporated into local or regional master plans in order to prevent habitat destruction that threatens potentially vulnerable species and in a manner that protects these sensitive resources from public intrusion, collectors, or other damage.
Habitat protection ideally should be as much an element of a master plan as housing and transportation.
The purpose of this approach is to minimize or avoid the listing of species as endangered. Rather, the emphasis should be on protecting ecosystems on a comprehensive basis instead of relying on a narrow, single — species, piecemeal approach.
Preservation and protection of animal and plant species and their habitat is important for ecological balance, not just to support the human population.
APA National and Chapters encourage all levels of government to incorporate natural community and biodiversity preservation into their planning process and utilize their authorities to protect these habitats where they exist to sustain natural processes and minimize the likelihood of species becoming extinct.
Incorporation of natural community preservation into the planning process includes collection and analysis of relevant data on natural systems and establishment of policies and standards appropriate to protection of the resources. Reasons to Support Specific Policy 1: Protecting natural system functions is critical to support of human populations.
As a result, it is critical that efforts are made to incorporate habitat protection at all levels of government. State agencies should establish minimum protection standards and provide technical assistance to local units of government in identifying sensitive habitats, methods of protection and the review of local plans where the state has identified endangered species or their habitat to ensure compliance in the early stages of planning.Earth Day Network is undertaking a campaign to elevate understanding and foster action to stop the decimation of species around the globe.
What You Can Do to Protect Our Species Take action to protect the Endangered Species Act. Climate Change and Endagered Species - What is the first marine mammal added to the endangered species list attributed primarily to climate change. As climate change melts the ice, it is projected that two thirds of polar bears will disappear by Climate change is cited consistently as one of the main potential causes of amphibian population declines.
Temperatures have increased degrees celcius in the West since the s, and they are predicted to rise degrees in the next century (Hansen et al. ). EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE 3 one another on the study variables. In the study, the variables are climate change and endangered species. Therefore, the questions will help to identify only endangered species As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I .
New study proves climate change’s threat to endangered species A new study that compiles research from previous studies shows that climate change’s impact on endangered species is much worse than previously thought. This Act places threatened species into different categories (i.e. presumed extinct, endangered, vulnerable, rare and common) in recognition of how threatened they are and what action needs to be taken to protect them.