Play media Ford assembly line circa According to Domm, the implementation of mass production of an automobile via an assembly line may be credited to Ransom Oldswho used it to build the first mass-produced automobile, the Oldsmobile Curved Dash. The efficiency of one person removing the same piece over and over without himself moving caught his attention.
Though prototypes of the assembly line can be traced to antiquity, the true ancestor of this industrial technique could be found in the 19th-century meat-processing industry in Cincinnati, Ohio, and in Chicago, where overhead trolleys conveyed carcasses from worker to worker.
When these… The design for an assembly line is determined by analyzing the steps necessary to manufacture each product component as well as the final product.
All movement of material is simplified, with no cross flow, backtracking, or repetitious procedure. Work assignments, numbers of machines, and production rates are programmed so that all operations along the line are compatible.
An automotive assembly line starts with a bare chassis. Components are attached successively as the growing assemblage moves along a conveyor.
Parts are matched into subassemblies on feeder lines that intersect the main line to deliver exterior and interior parts, engines, and other assemblies. As the units move by, each worker along the line performs a specific task, and every part and tool is delivered to its point of use in synchronization with the line.
A number of different assemblies are on the line simultaneously, but an intricate system of scheduling and control ensures that the appropriate body type and colour, trim, engine, and optional equipment arrive together to make the desired combinations.
Automated assembly lines consist entirely of machines run by machines, with little or no human supervision. In such continuous-process industries as petroleum refining and chemical manufacture and in many modern automobile-engine plants, assembly lines are completely mechanized and consist almost entirely of automatic, self-regulating equipment.
Many products, however, are still assembled by hand because many component parts are not easily handled by machines.
Expensive and somewhat inflexible, automatic assembly machines are economical only if they produce a high level of output. However, the development of versatile machinery and the increased use of industrial robots have improved the efficiency of fully automated assembly operations.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:1: an arrangement of machines, equipment, and workers in which work passes from operation to operation in direct line until the product is assembled. Here we stand at the front of the factory assembly line. Since , Renton has been home to some of the greatest engineering feats commercial flight has ever seen.
Photo narration below courtesy of Keith Seymore, Chevrolet Flint Assembly Line Supervisor from and GM Full Size Truck Engineering from Assembly line workers, also known as team assemblers, work together in a line completing individual tasks in sequence to construct parts and products for consumer, commercial, military, medical and .
Assembly Line Olympics of History Assembly lines are a big part of manufacturing in almost every country in the world. Some work better than others, so an analytical breakdown would be required to be able to tell which factories and countries are more effective than others, and what they do to get that way.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process in which interchangeable parts are added to a product in a sequential manner to create an end product.
|Assembly Line Worker Hourly Pay | PayScale||They use a variety of factory machinery, hand tools, and computers to complete their piece of the assembly process.|
In most cases, a manufacturing assembly line is a.