First produced on Broadway on January 22,the play was partly a response to the panic caused by irrational fear of Communism during the Cold War which resulted in the hearings by the House Committee on Unamerican Activities. This is simply not history. The real story is far more complex, dramatic, and interesting - and well worth exploring. Miller himself had some things to say about the relationship between his play and the actual historical event that are worth considering.
The Korean War was one of several military conflicts that occurred during the Cold War, as the United States and its allies attempted to stop the spread of communism. This frightened Americans because their political systems were different, meaning that conflict is unavoidable. The war helped preserve the essence of democracy over communism throughout the world.
The loss of the American nuclear monopoly also contributed to a fear of communism in the United States because the Russians had acquired information through a spy and had developed nuclear weapons.
S no longer only with the knowledge of the Atomic Bomb this led a rise in fear in the citizens and a paranoia gripped the public.
Also with Russian becoming a nuclear power this led to the fear of a bomb being dropped at anytime and anywhere. In response to this fear bomb shelters were made everywhere so that individuals could be prepared and feel safer if one was to ever be dropped on the country.
In response to the Paranoia that gripped the nation McCarthyism arose to get rid of communists.
It is a term describing the intense anti-communist suspicion in the United States in a period that lasted roughly from the late s to the late s. This period is also referred to as the Second Red Scare, and coincided with increased fears about communist influence on American institutions.
McCarthy ran a dirty campaign. He lied about his war record, claiming to have flown thirty-two missions during World War II when he actually worked a desk job and only flew in training exercises. La Follette was too old for service when Pearl Harbor was bombed, but McCarthy attacked him for not enlisting and accused him of war profiteering.
McCarthyism and The Crucible contain many similarities and differences in their persecution and accusation of people who are identified as criminals of their societies. Miller. To express his outrage at McCarthy’s actions, miller wrote The Crucible, intentionally drawing similarities between the McCarthy hearings and the Salem witch. Arthur Miller, Elia Kazan and the Blacklist: None Without Sin. AMERICAN MASTERS FILM. Arthur Miller, Elia Kazan and the Blacklist: None Without Sin Why Arthur Miller Wrote “The Crucible”. The Crucible, in Summary: The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller and published in , is a play set during the Salem witch trials. Many critics believe that this play was written with the intent to criticize the American anticommunist witch hunt of the s, or the McCarthy era.
When the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations asked McCarthy to testify, he was unable to provide the name of a single card-carrying communist in any government department.
Undeterred by the absence of facts, McCarthy began an anti-communist crusade in the national media. Playing on real popular fears, McCarthy used scare tactics to discredit his opponents.
|Arthur Miller | McCarthyism | American Masters | PBS||Many theories have been offered over the centuries for this heinous treatment of Salemites by their neighbors. What originally began as hysterical accusations by young girls quickly swept Salem and surrounding villages.|
|How are McCarthyism and the Crucible Related?|
|Arthur Miller | McCarthyism | American Masters | PBS||Arthur Miller, Elia Kazan and the Blacklist: Though eventually his accusations were proven to be untrue, and he was censured by the Senate for unbecoming conduct, his zealous campaigning ushered in one of the most repressive times in 20th-century American politics.|
|In the s and s Americans feared the encroachment of Communism.|
|Arthur Miller's The Crucible: Fact & Fiction, by Margo Burns||He exaggerated and exploited the evidence and ruined many reputations. Blacklists were created and many employers refused to hire the suspected or accused.|
When the Democrats accused McCarthy of smear tactics, he responded that their accusations were part of the communist conspiracy. As a result of his tactics, the Republicans swept the elections.
The remaining Democrats in Congress were reluctant to criticize him. It investigated allegations of communist activity in the U. It used various scare tactics such as blacklisting.
This tactic was used to intimidate people so that they would snitch on their friends to avoid being blacklisted. Most of those who were blacklisted were people that belonged to the entertainment industry such as actors, writers and directors.
However the HUAC did find some people who were adjudged as communist spies and there were about people that were accused by Joseph McCarthy as either being communist or sympathizing with communism.To express his outrage at McCarthy’s actions, miller wrote The Crucible, intentionally drawing similarities between the McCarthy hearings and the Salem witch trials.
show more content Like Abigail, McCarthy had no evidence against the people he blamed of being communists. Throughout the s and s America was overwhelmed with concerns about the threat of communism growing in Eastern Europe and China. Capitalizing on those concerns, a young Senator named Joseph.
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When the movie was released , Miller published an article in the New Yorker, discussing "Why I Wrote The Crucible", in which he describes, over four decades after writing the play, what he remembered of his process with the material.
In The Crucible, Arthur Miller draws a parallel between the Salem Witch trials of and McCarthyism of the s, when communism became the devil and a community of people used “evil” as an excuse to take out their personal spite on those they had always wished ill.
Miller sets up the parallel by showing [ ]. These trials are what inspired Arthur Miller to write The Crucible. He drew the parallel between McCarthy's hearings and the Salem Witch Trials and .